1861-Fort Fillmore, New Mexico Territory- Captain Baylor gains control of the territory after driving Union troops from the fort.
1862- Fort Bowie, New Mexico Territory (present day Arizona)– the fort is established where General Carleton secured a spring to guard the eastern approach to Apache Pass.
1863- Huntsville, Texas- Sam Houston died. General, and 1st President of Texas and later governor after it was admitted to the Union.
1864- New Mexico Territory- Texas guerrillas arrive in southern Colorado Territory.
1870- Hickman, Kentucky- Charles Goodnight married Molly Dyer, his longtime sweetheart, who had taught school at Weatherford. After the wedding at the home of relatives, the newlyweds returned to the Rock Canon, Texas, which was their home for the next six years.
1875- California– Charles E. Boles, AKA Black Bart, robbed his first stage, on a mountain pass called Funk Hill, four miles outside of Copperopolis, Calif. Bart, in addition to being an expert lone bandit who robbed more than two dozen stages in California in 1877-78, exercised a sardonic brand of humor in the form of doggerel scratched on foolscap and left in the empty strongboxes he looted. He was frivolous and capricious, a jokester whose laughing nature endeared him even to his victims.
1877- Dodge City, Kansas George Hoyt rode up to Wyatt Earp, who was standing outside the Comique Theater in Dodge City, and fired at Wyatt. Hoyt was trying to earn $1000 to be paid by cattleman Tobe Driskall to anyone who killed Wyatt. Three shots missed Earp and went into the theater, causing comedian Eddie Foy to throw himself on the stage in the middle of an act. Hoyt was shot and later buried in Boot Hill on 21 August.
1878-California- Black Bart held up another Wells Fargo stage, one traveling between Quincy and Oroville, Calif. Again, he wore the same weird outfit, the long flowing duster and the flour sack, and again, his voice, described as “hollow and deep,” ordered the driver to “throw down the box!” This time Bart made off with $379. He also helped himself to a passenger’s $200 diamond ring and a gold watch worth $25. Once more, pursuing lawmen found the empty strongbox with another note which stated: “Here I lay me down to sleep, To wait the coming morrow, Perhaps success, perhaps defeat, And everlasting sorrow. Yet come what will, I’ll try it once, My conditions can’t be worse, And if there’s money in that box, ‘Tis money in my purse.”
1881- The Canadian Pacific Railway was completed as far as Winnipeg.
1901- Harvey Logan, Wild Bunch member, settles score with James Winters at Landusky by emptying a full cylinder of lead into the man.
1864- Arizona Territory- John Allen files the first application for land in the territory under the Homestead Act.
1867- Montana and Oregon Territories- Lieutenant Colonel George Crook and three detachments of the 1st Cavalry engage Indians between Forts C.F. Smith in Montana and Harney in Oregon. Forty-six Indians are reported “killed and wounded.”
1880- Arizona Territory– Wyatt Earp was appointed Pima County Deputy Sheriff.
1891- Strathcona, Alberta – Last spike driven on the Calgary and Edmonton Railway; begun July 21, 1890; five-day stagecoach journey reduced to a train trip of only a few hours; C&E taken over by CPR in 1903.
1898- Skagway, Alaska – Michael J. Heney operates first locomotive on his White Pass & Yukon Railway.
1862- Grasshopper Creek, Montana- gold is discovered by a group of Colorado prospectors and as a result the town of Bannock springs up. Due to confusion over the town’s boundaries it will be in Oregon Territory, Idaho Territory, and Montanan Territory.
1864- Dakota Territory- in the Battle of Killdeer Mountain, on the Little Missouri River, General Sully troops attack Sitting Bull’s camp.
1867- Lieutenant Colonel George Custer is arrested. His pending court-martial will be for desertion, for over marching his troops, and for cruel treatment of deserters.
1867- Fort Wallace, Kansas- seven men die from cholera in one evening.
1874- Caldwell, Kansas- a group of horse thieves is caught by a posse of 150 men under Sheriff John Davis.
1878- California- Black Bart robs the Quincy-Oroville stage again. Part of the poem he left read “Let come what will I’ll try it on,/My condition can’t be worse;/And if there’s money in that box/”Tis munny in my purse.”
1878- New Mexico Territory- the Grant County Herald erroneously reports that Billy the Kid was killed in the McSween battle.
1880- Texas- Apache chief Victorio begins a two-week-long series of raids in the Eagle Springs region.
1920- Bandit Pancho Villa surrenders to the Mexican government.
1852- Commodore Perry Owens, named in honor of the American Naval hero, was born. As an adult Commodore Owens had blond locks reaching nearly to his waist and wore a wide-brimmed fawn sombrero, fringed and hand tooled chaps and a gunbelt featuring a long-barreled Colt .45. In his teens he worked as a cowhand. As a young adult he was a buffalo hunter on the Staked Plains supplying meat for the railroad construction crews. After a ranching stint he was elected sheriff in 1886 in Apache County in Arizona Territory. In 1887 he led a posse that killed Ike Clanton at his base on the Blue River. As a lawman Owens led an exciting life, being involved in some of the wildest and bloody shootouts in the west. He died on May 10, 1919.
1867- Arizona Territory- the 8th Cavalry fights Indians near Willows.
1869- Montana Territory- established in 1866, on the Bozeman Trail, Fort C.F. Smith is abandoned.
1884- Texas- P.C. Baird served with the Texas Rangers and rose to the rank of sergeant in Company D, Frontier Battalion. Baird and two other Rangers encountered several fence-cutters near the Greer ranch near Green Lake on this date. When the Rangers ordered these men, about five in number, to surrender, the outlaws fired on them. In the return fire, Baird shot and killed John Bailey, also known as John Mason. A Ranger was wounded in the gunfight but all the outlaws were captured. Baird was elected sheriff of Mason County in 1888 and in the following year, a gunfight broke out in Mason inside Garner’s Saloon. Baird and a deputy raced down the street to investigate, and at that moment, two brothers, Jesse and John Simmons, stepped from the saloon with shotguns blazing at the lawmen. Baird and his deputy stood calmly in the middle of the street and took aim at the brothers who were advancing on them, both in an obvious state of drunkenness. Baird fired a single shot which hit John Simmons, killing him, and his deputy dispatched Jesse Simmons. Baird served as sheriff of Mason County through 1898 and then retired. He died on Mar. 9, 1928, in San Antonio, Texas.
1900- Carcross, Yukon – the last spike driven on the White Pass & Yukon Railway from Skagway to Whitehorse, after the gold rush was over. The RR was started in 1898, at the height of the Klondike gold rush. The steep and difficult route of the White Pass and Yukon Railway line was hacked out of the rock by men, many of them disillusioned gold seekers, using only picks, shovels and blasting powder. Much of the work was done in the winter, in bitter cold and fierce snowstorms, and under constant threat of avalanches, 35 men were killed during construction. The summit of White Pass reached in February, 1899; ceased operations October, 1982.
1835- Texas- a company of volunteers under William B Travis forced the capitulation of Antonio Tenorio at the fort at Anahuac.
1864- Bannock, Montana Territory- silver is discovered.
1869 Montana Territory- abandoned Fort C.F. Smith, on the Bozeman Trail, is burned by Red Cloud and his celebrating warriors.
1874- Caldwell, Kansas- of the horse thieves that were arrested on the 28th, three were hanged by vigilantes.
1878- California- Black Bart robs the LaPorte-Oroville stage five miles outside of LaPorte.
1881- Missouri- Governor Crittenden offers a $10,000 reward for the capture of Frank and Jesse James.
1874-Kansas- start of Grasshopper plague (Rocky Mountain Locust). The grasshopper invasion devastated crops in Kansas and many people lost nearly everything. Aid was sent from the East to help the people get through the hard winter. Lasted until September.
1880- Eagle Springs, Texas- two settlers are reported as having been slain by Indians.
1880- Tombstone, Arizona Territory- the Tombstone Epitaph congratulates Wyatt Earp on his appointment by Sheriff Shibell to civil deputy sheriff for the Tombstone area. Virgil was a special officer under Marshall White. The paper also added, “Morgan Earp succeeds his brother as shotgun messenger for Wells, Fargo & Co.”
1882– Indian Territory Belle and Sam Starr are charged with Horse stealing.
1885- Canada- Despite his objections, Louis Riel’s lawyers hoped that he would be found not guilty of treason by reason of insanity. Those hopes were doomed on July 31, 1885, by Riel’s eloquent and ultimately tragic address to the jury. In it he said he had been blessed by God with a mission to help the Indians, the Metis, and the whites of the North West, but he repudiated any suggestions of religious insanity, and wanted to be judged solely on the political elements of his case. He was found guilty.
1894- Chandler, Oklahoma- the Bill Cook gang robbed the Lincoln County Bank. Elmer Lucas, AKA Chicken, was onetime an Oklahoma cowhand who rode with the gang in the early 1890s later spent 15 years in the Michigan State Penitentiary.
Click here for reuse options!
Copyright 2017 Southern Arizona News-Examiner