1861- Union General John C. Fremont instituted martial law in Missouri and declared slaves there to be free. However, President Lincoln countermanded Fremont’s order a few days later.
1862- Dakota Territory- Sioux warriors drive federal horses and cattle from Fort Abercrombie, near present day Wahpeton, North Dakota.
1864- Emigrant Gulch, Montana Territory– gold is discovered near Livingston.
1873- Winnipeg Manitoba – George Arthur French (1841-1921) forms first detachment of North-West Mounted Police with 150 recruits.
1874- Waverly – Lexington, Missouri- two robberies attributed to the James gang occurred with twenty five miles apart on the same day. Many reports stated that the robbers were recognized. Later the witnesses recanted after visiting with Zerelda James-Samuel.
1865- Lincoln Gulch, Montana Territory- mining operations begin.
1881- California- Black Bart robs the Roseburg, Oregon-Yreka, California stage nine miles out of Yreka.
1881- Fort Apache, Arizona Territory- three soldiers and five civilians are killed in an Apache attack near the fort.
1858- Four Lakes, present day Washington- Colonel Wright leads troops against Spokane Indians.
1862- Birch Coulie, Minnesota- Major Brown and his 200 men closing in on Little Crow make camp.
1864- near present day Rhame, North Dakota- Hunkpapa Sioux attack an immigrant train of 80 wagons under the escort of Captain James Fisk. 12 members of the train are killed and the remainder made a running fight for 10 miles until they could make camp. The immigrants left out poisoned hardtack overnight for the Indians.
1868- Spanish Fort, Texas- Indians kill nine settlers near the fort.
1870– Calamity Jane claimed that on this day two itinerate ministers performed a wedding ceremony for her and Wild Bill Hickok on the prairie.
1878- Lincoln, New Mexico Territory- William Bonney and a small party arrive to help Charles Bowdre and Doc Scurlock move their families to Fort Sumner.
1893- Ingalls, Oklahoma Territory-Lawman Robert Andrew accompanied by deputy Jim Masterson (brother to Bat Masterson) found the Doolin gangs hiding place and at high noon the seven members of the Doolin gang had it out with lawmen that left 3 deputies dead, Tom Houston, Dick Speed, Lafe Shadley. Gang member Roy Daughtery, AKA Arkansas Tom. Dynamite Dick, Bill Doolin, Tulsa Jack, Red Buck, and Bill Dalton escaped when Tulsa Jack shot his way through barricades from a hotel to the stable where the gang’s horses were kept, freeing the animals and leading them back to gang members who made good their escape, leaving only gang member Roy Daugherty (Arkansas Tom) who was trapped in a second-story hotel room.
1975- Gunsmoke ends its 20-year run on television.
1862- Birch Coulie, Minnesota- Little Crow and his Sioux warriors attack Major Brown’s encampment at dawn and kill almost every horse. Colonel Sibley, at the Lower Agency, hears gunfire in the distance and ride’s to Brown’s assistance. Brown lost 24 men and had 67 wounded.
1868- Little Coon Creek, Kansas- Indians attack a mail escort. Three soldiers are wounded and three Indians are killed.
1884- Missoula, Montana- a fire destroys 22 buildings, including the Missoula National Bank.
1885- Rock Springs, Wyoming- 28 Chinese coal miners and general laborers were killed by 150 by striking coal miners who were upset about their refusal to join a strike against the Union Pacific Coal Department. Those who survived were allowed to return to work. In 1887, the U.S. government paid $147,748.74 in restitution to China as a result of this clash. The ink was barely dry on the agreement when a masked gang of men lynched five Chinese in Pierce, Idaho.
1887- Arizona Territory– the Blevins family, five brothers, assorted cousins and nephews, were deeply involved in the range war of the 1880s called the Graham-Tewksbury Feud. All were ranchers located in Pleasant Valley, but most of the clan members doubled as hired gunmen, and some of them were dedicated killers like Andy Blevins, who was also known as Andy Cooper. Andy Blevins was a rustler and killer who hired out to the Graham cattlemen who were battling the sheep herders headed by the Tewksburys. On Sept. 2, 1887, Andy Blevins led some of his brothers and other cattlemen on a night ambush of the Tewksbury sheep camp, shooting clan leaders John Tewksbury and Bill Jacobs in cold blood as the sheep men went to check on their horses.
1855- present day Nebraska- General William Harney defeats Little Thunder’s Brule Sioux at the Battle of Blue Water.
1863- present day North Dakota- the Battle of Whitestone Hill takes place west of the James River. Troops under General Sully attack a Santee Sioux camp that is being abandoned. Sully loses 20 men and 50 wounded. Indians had 150 killed and 156 taken prisoner. All Indian ponies are killed and burned along with 200 tons of dried buffalo meat and 300 tepees.
1863- Illinois– Texas Ranger Ira Aten, one of the most dedicated and tough lawmen in the Southwest was born. Aten moved with his family when a child to Round Rock, Texas, where his father had a small farm and traveled the Bible Belt as a Methodist minister. In 1878, when Ira was only fifteen, he and his brothers saw Sam Bass, the infamous outlaw, brought into Round Rock, mortally wounded after a gun battle with a posse following a robbery. His father, the Reverend Mr. Aten, was called to Bass’ deathbed where he gave him spiritual aid in his last moments and heard the outlaw’s last words. (“Let me go–the world is bobbing around,” slipped from Sam Bass’ mouth before he died.) From that moment on, Ira Aten vowed that he would never follow the path of the gunman but would become a champion for law and order, promising his father that he would join the Texas Rangers as soon as he was of age. Aten went on to become one of the most respected rangers in the Lone Star State. Aten then retired from the Rangers and was promptly appointed sheriff of Fort Bend County which was plagued by a Democrat-Republican political fight later known as the Jaybird -Woodpecker War, one which involved Texans attempting to eradicate the last of the carpetbag politicians left over from the Civil War. Aten and his deputies soon put a stop to the wholesale shootings that took several lives, and the lawman is credited with halting this deadly Texas feud. In 1904 he then moved his wife and five children to the Imperial Valley in California to raise oranges, dying in Burlingame on Aug. 6, 1953, at age ninety-one.
1865- present day Wyoming- Colonel Cole and his troops defeat 3,000 Sioux, Arapahos, and Cheyennes at the Dry Fork on the Powder River.
1875- Fort Smith, Arkansas- six outlaws were hung at the same time following their sentence handed down from Judge Isaac Parker.
1876- Wyoming- the Wyoming Weekly Leader reports that a shipment of oysters were expected soon.
1877- Arizona Territory- Ed Schieffelin records his silver claim on the future site of Tombstone.
1880- Mammoth Cave, Kentucky- Jesse James and William Ryan hold up a stagecoach traveling between Mammoth Cave and Cave City, Kentucky.
1887- May Leslie divorces her husband, Buckskin Frank Leslie, charging him with physical abuse and unfaithfulness. Testimony revealed that before they made love, he would stand May against the wall and trace her outline by firing his .45 around her.
1913 – Alan (Walbridge) Ladd was born. Actor: The Carpetbaggers, Citizen Kane, Shane, This Gun for Hire etc.; actress Cheryl Ladd’s father-in-law; passed away Jan 29, 1964.
1877- Camp Rogers, Nebraska- Lieutenant William Clark offered $100 to anyone at the camp who would kill Crazy Horse. 400 Indians and eight cavalry units depart for the chief’s lodge.
1879- New Mexico Territory- Apache chief Victorio attacked a company of 9th U.S. Cavalry camping Ojo Caliente killing eight troopers and escaping with more than forty cavalry mounts.
1881- Arizona Territory- General Eugene Carr engages White Mountain Apaches, killing six turncoat scouts and twelve Apaches, including the prophet Nakaidoklim. The Apaches retaliate by attacking Fort Apache.
1886- Skeleton Canyon, Arizona Territory– Apache leader Geronimo surrenders to General Nelson A. Miles.
1887- Arizona Territory- the Blevins family, five brothers, assorted cousins and nephews, were involved in the range war of the 1880s called the Graham-Tewksbury Feud. Sheriff Perry Owens, one of the deadliest shots in the West, then gathered a posse and rode out to the Blevins ranch near Holbrook on this date. He advanced on the ranch house with a rifle in his hand, apparently intending to serve warrants on Andy Blevins for the murder of Tewksbury and Jacobs. At that moment, Andy Blevins fired at Owens from behind the front door of the ranch house but his shot was wild. Owns fired a rifle shot that smashed into Blevins’ chest and sent him reeling backward into the arms of his mother. Then John Blevins, the oldest brother, stepped to the door and fired at Owens; the lawmen’s responding fire brought him down, too. Moses Roberts, a brother-in-law of the Blevins, then raced outside, firing at Owens, but Owens killed him with a single, mortal shot. Next, 16-year-old Sam Houston Blevins charged toward Owens with a blazing six-gun, but the sheriff fired one shot, killing the boy. Only John Blevins survived this gunfight. By the end of September except for John Blevins, the Blevins family members were decimated in the bloody Graham -Tewksbury Feud. John Blevins later became a lawman and helped chase the Apache Kid in 1889 after the Kid had murdered Sheriff Glenn Reynolds.
1836- Texas- Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas.
1847- Clay County Missouri – Jesse Woodson James was born and later became America’s most famous outlaw, invoking images of Robin Hood… to some.
1862- present day Montana- Jim Fisk’s group establishes a northern route from Minnesota.
1867- Abilene, Kansas– the first shipment of Texas longhorn cattle leaves, on a Union Pacific train, filling 20 cars, headed to Chicago.
1875- Huntington, West Virginia- Robbery attributed to the James gang. Four Robbers, two dismounted reportedly liberated $10,000.00 from a local bank. During the robbery R. T. Oney, cashier and a friend were alone in the bank prior the robbery. One man was shot and killed, gang member Thompson Mc Daniel (brother to Bud). Jack Keene aka Thomas J. Webb was arrested in Tennessee a short time later, returned to West Virginia, tried and sentenced to twelve years in prison.
1877- Ft. Robinson, Nebraska- Sioux chief Crazy Horse was bayoneted while resisting arrest. Crazy Horse died around midnight.
1878- Dodge City, Kansas- Bat Masterson, Wyatt Earp, Bill Tilghman and Clay Allison, four of the West’s most famous gunmen meet.
1896- Circle City, Alaska- beef sold for 48-dollars a pound during the Klondike gold rush.
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