1878- New Mexico Territory- the Regulators with their prisoners Morton and Baker, bunk at John Chisum’s South Spring River ranch. Here the Regulators learn that J.J. Dolan has organized an even larger posse looking for them.
1879- Lincoln, New Mexico Territory- Governor Lew Wallace attends a citizen’s meeting at the Lincoln County Courthouse.
1880- Montana Territory- two soldiers of the 5th Infantry and three Indians are killed on Rosebud Creek.
1884- Tombstone, Arizona Territory– Five men, members of the Heath gang, were lynched for their part in the infamous Bisbee massacre on Dec 8, 1883. One of those hung was Dan Kelly, AKA Yorky, had left his home in Cork County, Ireland in 1881 for a chance at a new life in the U.S. Kelly was living near Clifton, Arizona Territory, in December 1883 when a gang of outlaws raided the town of Bisbee and killed several people. Dan Kelly was one of the men suspected of holding up a store with two other hard cases, Red Sample and Tex Howard. He left town and headed north, where his movements were almost impossible to trace due to a blinding snowstorm that had hit the area. Kelly boarded a train at Bowie Station on Dec. 11, but was put off near Deming after claiming that he was an itinerant hobo. Kelly was eventually arrested and taken back to Tombstone, Arizona Territory, to stand trial for the Bisbee robbery. Kelly claimed he was innocent but was sentenced to hang on the gallows. He was not fearful of that moment and remained talkative and full of good spirit. Kelly signaled the executioner to proceed and shouted, “Let her loose.” In an instant he was dead. Kelly’s remains were transported to Boot hill cemetery.
1887- Arizona Territory- factions of sheep and cattle interests prepare to square off after cowboys stampede 20,000 sheep in the Tonto Basin.
1893- Former lawman & later member of the Dalton Gang, Emmett Dalton entered prison on this sate after he was wounded at the failed double bank robbery in Coffeeville Kansas. He was pardoned in 1907 and moved to California where he wrote for the movie industry in Hollywood.
1873 – Royal Canadian Mounted Police founded Ottawa Ontario – John A Macdonald’s government proposes establishment of a Mounted Police force for the North West Territories; act passed May 23.
1878- New Mexico Territory- in Blackwater Canyon, near John Chisum’s South Spring River ranch, Frank Baker, William Morton, and William McCloskey are gunned down in cold blood by a member of the Regulators, possibly by Billy the Kid while they may have attempted to escape. The location became known as Dead Man’s Draw.
1880- Montana Territory- the Utah Northern becomes the first railroad to reach Montana, entering the territory at Monida Pass.
1881- New Mexico Territory– Governor Lew Wallace sends his letter of resignation to President Garfield.
1916- Mexican bandit Pancho Villa leads 1,500 horsemen on a raid of Columbus, New Mexico killing 17 U.S. soldiers and citizens.
1928- San Antonio, Texas -Texas Ranger P.C. Baird who served with the Texas Rangers died. Baird served as sheriff of Mason County through 1898 and then retired.
1848- the Senate ratified the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, ending the war with Mexico and extending the boundaries of the U.S. west to the Pacific Ocean.
1857- Isaac Cody dies from a chill from a rainstorm. His 11-year-old son, William F. Cody, will soon go to work as a messenger boy for the wagon trains of Majors and Russell that ran between Fort Leavenworth and Fort Kearny.
1862- Sante Fe, New Mexico Territory- Confederate troops occupy the town without opposition.
1864- Virginia City, Montana Territory- vigilantes hang Joseph A. Slade.
1878- Lincoln, New Mexico Territory- J.J. Dolan breaks his leg. Dr. Ealy said, “One of the worst men in the country broke his leg while trying to shoot an unarmed man”.
1881- Tucson, Arizona Territory– a telephone company is established in town.
1884- San Antonio, Texas- Ben Thompson and gunman John King Fisher went into the Vaudeville Variety Theater and ran into Joseph Foster and William Sims who were intent on getting Ben. When the smoke cleared Ben Thompson and John King Fisher were dead, Ben with nine pieces of lead in him even though he managed to fire five rounds himself. Joseph Foster died later from wounds he received.
1893- New Mexico- New Mexico State University cancels its first graduation ceremony, because the only graduate, Sam Steele, was robbed and killed the night before.
1867- a pony express-type route is established between Helen, Montana Territory and Minneapolis, Minnesota.
1878- Lincoln, New Mexico Territory- A.A. McSween accompanied by Dick Brewer and others depart for John Chisim’s ranch on the Pecos River.
1881- Muscle Shoals, Alabama- US. Army Engineer Paymaster Alexander G. Smith pick up the government payroll as usual at the Florence, Alabama, bank and started back to their camp on Bluewater Creek some 15 miles up the canal from Florence. Following the canal tow-path, he was approached by three men from Florence. These men were later identifled as being Jesse James, who had been living in Nashvillle as John Davis Howard, Frank James, also living in Nashville under the name of Ben Woodson, and “Wild Bill” Ryan, who used the alias of Tom Hill. Drawing
their guns, the party relieved Smith of his saddle bags, his personal watch, and $221 from his purse. The saddle bag contained $500 in gold, $4,500 in $50 bills, $20 bills, and smaller currency. They tied Smith and forced him to accompany them until midnight, at which time they returned his watch, overcoat, and $21 cash and then released him.
1887- Cheyenne, Wyoming– a local paper reports that Calamity Jane is in town.
1887- Major Benteen (of Little Bighorn fame) is discharged from military service after being court-martialed for conduct unbecoming an officer. The charge was he had entered a store at Fort Du Chesne, Utah, intoxicated. He then quarreled with some civilians and removed part of his clothing, and exposed himself.
1890- Salt River, Arizona Territory- Lt Watson reports two Indians slain and three captured in a fight with the 4th Cavalry.
1973- Wounded Knee, South Dakota- an FBI agent is shot.
1856- California- Tom Bell, a brilliant Alabama-born surgeon who had served in the U.S. Army during the Mexican -American War, turned bandit in 1855 and terrorized the California counties of Yuba, Nev., and Placer about two years after the death of the notorious outlaw, Joaquin Murieta. On this date Bell and his band stopped a mule train laden with $21,000 in gold, taking the gold bags, and tying the five drivers to trees, again leaving pocket change with the mining men. When this pack train was stopped, Wells Fargo guard S.T. Barstow had half-pulled his gun when Bell
shouted to him: “Stop that! We don’t want to kill you but we must have your money.” Again, the robber had proved his inclination to avoid bloodshed. This was soon changed with a bloody stagecoach robbery some months later.
1885- Montana Territory– the legislature bans “pernicious hurdy-gurdy” houses.
1889- Choctaw Nation – Sixty-year-old Henry Wilson was passing through the Winding Stair Mountains in the Choctaw Nation when outlaw Jefferson Jones killed him and robbed him for $12. The body was discovered a week later. Jones was arrested and taken to Fort Smith where Judge Isaac Parker sentenced him to die on the gallows, Jan. 16, 1890.
1836- Texas- the Runaway Scrape Oak is a half-mile north of Alternate U.S. Highway 90, ten miles east of Gonzales. On this night, the first night of the retreat known as the Runaway Scrape, Gen. Sam Houston and a force of nearly 400 men camped around this tree before moving on toward San Jacinto the next morning.
1860- Texas- Camp Ives was evacuated. Camp Ives was a military outpost on Turtle Creek four miles north of Camp Verde in southeastern Kerr County. Second Lt. Wesley Owen, commanding Troop I, Second United States Cavalry, established the camp on October 2, 1859. Although built in answer to requests from area settlers for government protection against Indians, the camp saw little use. On March 13, 1860, it was evacuated temporarily when soldiers stationed there escorted Lt. Col. Robert E. Lee, then in temporary command of the Second Cavalry, to the Rio Grande. The camp was reoccupied on October 20, 1860, but remained in operation only until January 28, 1861. On that date its troops abandoned it and moved to Camp Verde in preparation for defense against Confederate occupation as Texas neared secession.
1878- New Mexico Territory-in the Lincoln County War, Tom Hill is killed and Jesse Evans is wounded during a raid on the camp of John Wagner. Evans goes to Camp Stanton, where he turns himself in and gets admitted to the hospital. A.A. McSween returns to Lincoln.
1879- New Mexico Territory– Governor Lew Wallace sends word to Billy the Kid asking him to meet the governor on the 17th. Bonney had already written to Wallace offering testimony against Houston Chapman’s murderers in return for immunity. He signed his letter “I am called Kid Antrim but Antrim is my stepfather’s name-W.H. Bonney”.
1878- Abilene, Kansas- fire destroys part of the cow town.
1883- LaPrele Creek, Wyoming- Alferd Packer was arrested at a boardinghouse. Alferd was a suspected cannibal on the run for an incident that happened in 1874. He was returned to Denver where a thousand turned out to see the “ghoul of San Juans.” Packer claimed that Shannon Bell had done all the killing and he had killed Bell in self-defense before dining on human flesh. He said “I felt perfectly happy. Slept and slept and slept.”
1885- President Grover Cleveland warns would-be settlers to stay out of Indian Territory (part of present day Oklahoma).
1886- Dodge City, Kansas- saloons are closed by order of Bat Masterson.
1912- Texas- Outlaw H.O. Beck (AKA: Ole; Edward Welch) was an old -time western train and stagecoach robber who had been serving time with Ben Kilpatrick, the “Tall Texan” of Wild Bunch fame. Both men were released from federal prison in early 1912 and immediately planned a train robbery of the Southern Pacific’s Sunset Express in a remote desert spot. They boarded the train at Dryden, Texas, a small water stop, on this date, and attempted to rob the Wells Fargo car of its cargo of $65,000, but the guard, David Trousdale, attacked both men, killing Beck and Kilpatrick and delivering their bodies to officials at the next stop as if he were casually dropping off some mailbags.
1868- Oregon- Troops under Lt. Col. George Crook engage Indians at Dunder and Blitzen Creek. 12 Indians are killed and 2 captured.
1877- Montana Territory- the site for Fort Keogh is established near Miles City.
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